million (55% living in urban areas).
Bucharest (population 2.3 million).
Romania’s total area is 91,700 square miles and the country borders
with Hungary, Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro.
Romanians (90%), Hungarians (7%), Roma (2%), Germans and Ukrainians.
Romanian Orthodox (70%), Roman Catholic (6%), Protestant (6%)
US$87.4 billion (1999 est.); GDP per capita US$3,900 (1999 est.).
The Standard and Poor’s ratings for the Republic of Romania were raised
by one notch in June 2001.
The long-term foreign currency issuer credit and senior unsecured ratings
were raised to single B from single B minus.
The short-term foreign currency issuer credit and foreign currency short-term
debt ratings were raised to B from C.
The long and shortterm local currency issuer credit ratings were raised
to single B-plus/B from single B/C.
timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, machine building,
food processing, petroleum production and refining. e Growth of industrial
output reached 8.2% in 2000.
Romanian exports grew by 21.9% in 2000 and by 16% in the first quarter
The main exporting sectors are textiles, mechanical and electrical machinery
and apparatus, metallurgical products, footwear and mineral products.
Leu (plural: Lei).
US$1=29,790 Lei (August 2001).
million visitors per year. Romania’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites include
the Danube Delta, the Monastery of Horezu, the churches of Moldavia,
the historic center of Sighisoara Dacian, the fortresses of the Orastie
Mountains and the wooden churches of Maramures.