Facts & Figures
POPULATION 19.1 million with an annual growth rate of 1.47% (July 2000 estimate).
CAPITAL CITY Maputo. PEOPLE 99.66% indigenous tribal groups, 0.06% European, 0.2% Euro-Africans and 0.08% Indian.
LANGUAGES Portuguese is the official language, with various indigenous dialects also spoken.
CULTURE The Island of Mozambique, 3 kilometers off the mainland, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991.
GEOGRAPHY Mozambique is located on the Mozambique Channel, sharing borders with Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland.
AREA With a total area of 801,590 square kilometers, Mozambique is slightly less than twice the size of California.
NATURAL RESOURCES Coal, titanium, natural gas and hydropower are found in abundance.
CURRENCY 1 metical (Mt)=100 centavos.
EXCHANGE RATE US$1=13,392 meticais (January 2000).
GDP GDP per capita in 1999 was US$1,000. The composition by sector is agriculture - 34%, industry - 18% and services - 48%.
INFLATION The 1999 estimate for inflation was 4%.